Topics related to this Ayah
English – Mohsin Khan/Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali
“The Ilah (God) of mankind,
English – Tafsir ibn kathir
Say:I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,
The King of An-Nas,
The God of An-Nas,
These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are:
– sovereignty and
– He is the Lord of everything,
– the King of everything and
– the God of everything.
– are created by Him,
– owned by Him, and
– subservient to Him.
Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.
This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.
It is confirmed in the Sahih that he (the Prophet) said,
مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ قَدْ وُكِّلَ بِهِ قَرِينُهُ
There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him.
They (the Companions) said, “What about you, O Messenger of Allah!”
إِلاَّ أَنَّ اللهَ أَعَانَنِي عَلَيْهِ فَأَسْلَمَ فَلَ يَأْمُرُنِي إِلاَّ بِخَيْرٍ
However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good.
It is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Anas, who reported the story of Safiyyah when she came to visit the Prophet while he was performing Itikaf, that he went out with her during the night to walk her back to her house. So, two men from the Ansar met him (on the way). When they saw the Prophet, they began walking swiftly. So, the Messenger of Allah said,
عَلَى رِسْلِكُمَا إِنَّهَا صَفِيَّةُ بِنْتُ حُيَيَ
Slow down! This is Safiyyah bint Huyay!
They said, “Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah!”
إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ يَجْرِي مِنِ ابْنِ ادَمَ مَجْرَى الدَّم وَإِنِّي خَشِيتُ أَنْ يَقْذِفَ فِي قُلُوبِكُمَا شَيْيًا أَوْ قَالَ شَرًّا
Verily, Shaytan runs in the Son of Adam like the running of the blood. And verily, I feared that he might cast something into your hearts — or he said — evil.
Sa`id bin Jubayr reported that Ibn Abbas said concerning Allah’s statement
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