Making Connections to the text

Reading for Comprehension by Allah’s Mercy

It begins with a statement

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim

Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh


 العِلْمُ قَبْلَ القَوْلِ وَالعَمَلِ

Often, I must remind myself that how I may do things to arrive at clarity may not be the same for someone else. As an educator, we notice in students the abilities they possess using various concepts from bloom’s taxonomy “Bloom’s taxonomy is a set of three hierarchical models used to classify educational learning objectives into levels of complexity and specificity. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloom%27s_taxonomy

“Within the Cognitive Domain, Bloom defines 6 levels of intellectual behavior that are important for learning.
Knowledge: Recall data or information. …
Comprehension: Understand the meaning of a problem, be able to translate into own words. …

Application: Use a concept in a new situation.

http://edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Learning_level

The Three Fundamental Principles teaches us that:

“Knowledge (‘Ilm) is of two categories: inevitable (durooree) and speculative
(nadharee). Inevitable knowledge is that which is known in enviably without any
need to investigate or prove with the evidence, for example the fact that fire is hot.
Whereas speculative knowledge is that which requires investigation and proof, for
example the knowledge that it is obligatory to have intention (niyyah) when making
ablution (wudoo).” 

Knowledge must be accompanied with its proofs:

“Textual proof is whatever is affirmed by
Revelation (wahy) which is the book and the Sunnah, and intellectual proof is that
which is established through observation and consideration; Allaah, the Mighty and
Majestic, has frequently mentioned this type of proof in His Book, and there are
many ayaat where Allaah tells us that “from His signs are” such and such, and in this
way intellectual proof by Allaah, the Most High, are quoted.

So, again it begins with a statement. While completing my personal studies I often come across text that draws my attention to new information {to me} alhamdulillah. This week while reading “Introduction to the Principles of Tafsir” explained by our beloved Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullah), I came to the follow statement: 

“The reason this verse was revealed was due to such and such, especially if it was due to a person. This is the case with the background regarding the revelation of certain verses.”

The text provides several examples of this:

5:49

8:16

5:106 (my focus here) “…testimony [should be taken] among you when death approaches one of you.” The shaykh (rahimahullah) explains that this text was revealed in the story of Tamim al-Dari and Adiyy Ibn Bada (will continue to research this topic).

2:195

*For clarification the Shaykh says: “The purpose of such statements (above) is not to insinuate that these verses only pertained to these people and no one else; this would not be said by a Muslim or an intelligent person.” 

To proceed, after reading the principles of tafsir text, I continued to search out the ayat by reading from the quran [5:106] and from the actual Tafsir Ibn Kathir (which I will share in the next post) in shaa’Allaah. Then I reviewed the Arabic words for “a will”, “witnesses”, and “testimony”. Bringing all of this information together I wrote brief notes on what I discovered by Allah’s mercy in this ayat (a ruling from Allah):

  1. We are told to make a will  [Do you have a will?] and gather two witnesses from the just Muslims (and if there are no Muslims present); then/or two others from outside (meaning non-Muslims if in necessity – [traveling or calamity] ) 
  2. Detain them both after salah refers to after Asr prayer
  3. Let them both swear by Allah if you are in doubt that they might commit some form of treachery or theft.
  4. And even if it be a near relative we still do not compromise on the truth, We shall not hide the testimony of Allah

Action upon that

“This means acting in accordance with what this knowledge demands, with
regard to Eemaan in Allaah, establishment of obedience to Him by doing what he has
commanded and avoiding what He has forbidden, by performing those actions of
worship which benefit each individual, such as: the Praying, fasting and pilgrimage,
and those actions of worship which benefit the whole community, such as
commanding the right and forbidding evil, and Jihaad in Allaah’s path and the like.
Action is, in reality, is the fruit of knowledge.”

To end this post and my thoughts for now on the topic, I recognize that my style of studying may not be like everyone else’s natural differences. You may enjoy research, visuals, or audio. However, we all have step one in common, and that is to seek knowledge with comprehension, acting upon that knowledge, and then calling to it! Without that how can you truly understand the goal. Our goal here is to learn and then teach it to others. To do that we accept wholeheartedly the following statement:

” Knowledge Comes Before Speech and Action ( العِلْمُ قَبْلَ القَوْلِ وَالعَمَلِ ) “

May Allah have mercy upon me and all of you, may He grant us understanding of the religion and increase us in knowledge; in that which will be beneficial for us in our affairs and dealings, may He grant a blessing of clarity and simplicity to our minds and thoughts while seeking to understand this knowledge, May Allah bless our beloved prophet Muhammad (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallaam), his family, the companions, and those who have followed the path of truth and righteousness to this current day Allahumma Aameen

Wa’alaykumus Salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh