Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh Yaa Muslimaat,
Alhamdulillah the following is from a worksheet created for the K5 Courses for the Muslimah curriculum.
Worksheet for Children: Understanding Saum for Ramadan
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Bestower of Mercy
Understanding the Saum of Ramadan – Dawn to Sunset
The religion of Islam is built upon five pillars. The fourth of which is the Fasting in the Month of Ramadan. Fasting is an act of worship done solely for the pleasure of Allah (subhanahu wa ta’ala). There are many benefits from fasting. The Prophet (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Saum (fasting) is a shield from the Hell-Fire.” He (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallam) also said: “Whoever observed fasting in Ramadan with perfect faith and seeking reward, he will have his previous sins forgiven.” Both hadith are Agreed Upon
Some other benefits from fasting include giving your digestive organs a rest. This allows your body to rid itself of the accumulated waste that can cause bad health. Fasting allows the person to train themselves for doing good deeds, and by acting upon obedience to Allah, having some discipline in his actions and speech, having sabr (patience) and increasing in his sincerity.
Fasting brings the community of Muslims together, breaking fast with them, praying with them and so much more. All Muslims male or female are required to fast, it is obligatory for everyone except for those who have a legitimate excuse based upon Qur’aan wa Sunnah and the laws of Shari’a. For instance: the traveler, the sick person (who will recover), the menses, where you are forbidden to fast, but must make up for each of those days at a later time.
The Prophet (sallaAllahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “When Ramadan starts, the doors of heaven are opened, and the doors of Hell are closed and the devils are chained up.” Agreed Upon
Helpful tips for Fasting:
Remember “It is obligatory to form the intention to fast in the month of Ramadan at night, before Fajr (Dawn).”
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta
Chairman – Shaykh Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
1. Eat Sahur (Pre-dawn meal); Allah says “. . .and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night).” Surah al-Baqarah 2:187 (suggestion: dates, water, bananas, oatmeal with blueberries, etc…)
2. Abstain from food, drink, and intercourse during the fasting hours. Avoid backbiting, spreading false tales, lying, listening to music, false speech, and in general all forbidden deeds.
3. Increase in acts of worship (ibadah) and as many good deeds as you are able to perform: spending in charity, helping parents and elders, visiting the sick and home-bound, serving at the masjid, assisting travelers, and remember Allah much.
4. Read the Qur’aan daily (throughout the day – try to complete the a juz), dhikr often, read beneficial books, work on memorization, strictly guard the salaat, earnestly work towards being well mannered, and giving up all bad habits.
5. Increase in sunnah and optional salat.
“In it is a night that is better than one thousand months.” 97:1-3
May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions
Wa’alaykumus Salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh
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