Hasad, A Condemnation of Envy and Envious People. Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
Origins of Hasad
Hatred of the blessings given to someone by Allah and a wish that this person loses their blessings is the root to envy. The envious person is an enemy to blessings. This evil is entrenched in their soul and their character. It’s not a quality that they acquire from someone or something else, but rather, this trait is a wickedness born of the human being’s own soul.
Sorcery on the other hand, is acquired through other sources with the help of shaytanic spirits. In light of this, and Allah knows best, “the evil of the envious one” and “the sorcerer” are both mentioned in Suratul Falaq. Reason being, to seek Allah’s protection from these two, embodies all types of evil, envy, and forms of sorcery that stem from the shayateen among jinn and humankind. Take notice, there are two categories of sorcery.
One group is inhabited by the Shayateen among jinn only i.e., the whispers of the heart. They are mentioned in another surah, as we shall soon discuss inshaAllah. Both the envious one and the socerer inflict serious harm on their targets, without doing anything. Instead, the harm reaches the envied and enchanted from another source. Shaytan pursues his intended victim with his whispers. Consequently, with help from the individual’s own intentions, actions, and submissiveness, the evil connected to the whispers lead the person to harm.
Unlike the whispers of shaytan, the envious one and the sorcerer do not pursue their prey with theie evil, given that there is no relationship between the evil of the two and the intentions and actions of the individual. For this reason, the evil of Shaytan is singled out in one surah and the evil of the envious one and the sorcerer are connected in another.
In most cases, envy and sorcery are linked together in the Quran because of their relationship. Consequently, due to their wickedness, the Jews were the most envious and most heavily involved group in sorcery. They favored these two evils more than any other people did. Allah described them in the Quran:
“They followed what the Shayâtin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaimân (Solomon). Sulaimân did not disbelieve, but the Shayâtin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two (angels,) Hârût and Mârût, but neither of these two angels taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allâh’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew.” (102)
The underlying meanings of this verse contain its principles; rulings; rebuttal against those who deny the existence of sorcery, and the distinction between sorcery and miracles, which many used to deny because they were afraid of confusing the two.
to be cont. inshaAllah…pages 9-10